Organizace pro lidská práva zveřejňují „Minimální standardy pro Peking 2008“
Praha / Frankfurt / Washington, 29. srpna 2004 – Tři organizace pro lidská práva dnes zveřejnily seznam „minimálních standardů“, kterým má Peking vyhovovat, aby byl vhodným hostitelem pro příští olympijské hry. Argumentují tím, že situace v Číně odporuje ideálům Olympijské charty. Pokud tedy do roku 2006 nedojde k pokroku, budou Olympic Watch, Mezinárodní společnost pro lidská práva (ISHR / IGFM) a Laogai Research Foundation, „pomáhat mezinárodnímu společenství hledat alternativní řešení“. Konkrétně tato koalice chce, aby ČLR ratifikovala Mezinárodní pakt o občanských a politických právech, který čínská vláda signovala před šesti lety. Další standardy požadují nepoužití vojenské síly proti pokojným demokratickým aktivitám, moratorium na trest smrti, demokracii pro Hong Kong, rozhovory s tibetskou exilovou vládou a zrušení táborů otrockých prací, kam jsou lidé posíláni bez jakéhokoli soudu.
Olympic Watch se již dříve připojil k výzvě čínského a tibetského exilu, aby při dnešním předání olympijské vlajky Pekingu neaplaudovali účastníci slavnostního zakončení aténských olympijských her represím v Číně a Tibetu. Místo toho si chvílí ticha mají připomenout oběti porušování lidských práv pekingskou vládou.
Celý text společného prohlášení Olympic Watch, ISHR / IGFM a Laogai Research Foundation následuje níže.
MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR BEIJING 2008
In July 2001, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) granted Beijing the organization of the 2008 Olympic Games. Little progress has occurred in the area of human rights and democracy in China since, despite previous promises by the Beijing leadership.
The Olympic Charter sets out “harmonious development of man” and “human dignity” as its key values. The situation in the People s Republic of China (PRC), however, remains adverse to such aspirations.
Olympic Watch, the International Society for Human Rights (ISHR / IGFM), the Laogai Research Foundation therefore reiterate their commitment to assist the people in China in their strife for democratic reform and human rights.
We wish to celebrate the fact that the 2008 Olympic Games are taking place in a reforming China. For this to be true, the following minimum standards need to be achieved by August 2006 and, where applicable, continue to be maintained until the time of the 2008 Olympic Games:
RATIFICATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COVENANT ON CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS (ICCPR). While the government signed the ICCPR nearly six years ago, the PRC has yet failed to ratify it. The ratification and implementation will clearly demonstrate that Beijing is serious in making progress in human rights and democracy. It will give clear international guarantees to the Chinese people s rights and liberties, such as the freedom of expression, freedom of association and right to fair trial. The true implementation of these standards will be demonstrated by such phenomena occurring in the whole of the PRC as
- the end of censorship, with Chinese and international media freely operating and the internet being freely accessed and used by all;
- the existence of independent political parties and trade unions;
- the end of persecution of religious groups;
- and the end of persecution of lawyers defending workers and home-owners in courts.
NO USE OF MILITARY FORCE AGAINST PEACEFUL DEMOCRATIC ACTION. China, like any other country, certainly has the right to use its military as a tool of self-defense against legitimate threats. Deploying it against peaceful pro-democracy activists, in a way it happened during the Tiananmen crackdown in June 1989, or against the democratic processes such as those underway in Taiwan, clearly do not fall under this category.
MORATORIUM ON THE DEATH PENALTY. Regardless of internationally different moral views of the death penalty, it is clear that in present-day China it is used in an environment short of fair-trial standards. It is part of the oppressive apparatus of the totalitarian regime. Further, there are indications that executions are part of an industry of organ harvesting. The moratorium, matched with freedom of speech, will not only stop these abhorrent practices, but also allow the Chinese people to re-examine whether the institution of the death penalty is morally acceptable at all.
OPEN TALKS WITH THE TIBETAN GOVERNMENT-IN-EXILE. The government of the People s Republic of China needs to match the good will of the Tibetan government-in-exile and enter talks with the Tibetan government-in-exile without any pre-conditions. The dialogue between the Chinese government and the Tibetan government-in-exile must intensify, with the Tibetan people ultimately choosing their future through a democratic process. The cultural identity of the Tibetan people, as well as Uyghurs in East Turkistan, needs to be respected.
GUARANTEED DEMOCRACY IN HONG KONG. The people in Hong Kong have clearly demonstrated that they want the Beijing government to respect their traditional rights and liberties, such as the freedom of speech and freedom of association. Furthermore, they have clearly and peacefully requested that they want to elect their legislature and the Chief Executive through free elections. Elections of the Chief Executive and of the legislature accordingly need to be fully carried out under the conditions of universal suffrage, applying to those taking place in 2012/2013 at the latest.
ABOLITION OF THE LAOGAI / LAOJIAO CAMPS. The system of extrajudicial detentions, abused for the persecution of political dissidents and adherents of spiritual movements, must be fully abolished. Torture is widespread in these labor camps and detainees are abused as cheap slave labor, underpinning much of Chinese economy. It would be truly tragic if Olympic souvenirs should be produced by forced labor in slave labor camps.
It is our sincere hope that these minimum standards are met. Should the PRC authorities instead choose to continue violating human rights of the Chinese people and the Olympic ideals the world holds dear, the organizations backing this initiative will assist the international community in finding alternative solutions and other proper responses to holding the 2008 Olympic Games in an un-Olympic environment.
August 29, 2004
Olympic Watch (Committee for the 2008 Olympic Games in a Free and Democratic Country)
International Society for Human Rights (ISHR / IGFM)
Laogai Research Foundation